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Ronan Oger > SVG-2.32 > SVG
Module Version: 2.32   Source  

NAME ^

SVG - Perl extension for generating Scalable Vector Graphics (SVG) documents

VERSION

Covers SVG-2.30 distribution

SYNOPSIS ^

 #!/usr/bin/perl -w

use strict;
use SVG;

# create an SVG object
my $svg= SVG->new(width=>200,height=>200,
'xmlns:xlink'=>'http://www.w3.org/1999/xlink');

# use explicit element constructor to generate a group element
my $y=$svg->group(
id => 'group_y',
style => { stroke=>'red', fill=>'green' }
);

# add a circle to the group
$y->circle(cx=>100, cy=>100, r=>50, id=>'circle_in_group_y');

# or, use the generic 'tag' method to generate a group element by name
my $z=$svg->tag('g',
id => 'group_z',
style => {
stroke => 'rgb(100,200,50)',
fill => 'rgb(10,100,150)'

}
);

# create and add a circle using the generic 'tag' method
$z->tag('circle', cx=>50, cy=>50, r=>100, id=>'circle_in_group_z');

# create an anchor on a rectangle within a group within the group z
my $k = $z->anchor(
id => 'anchor_k',
-href => 'http://test.hackmare.com/',
-target => 'new_window_0'

)->rectangle(
x => 20, y => 50,
width => 20, height => 30,
rx => 10, ry => 5,
id => 'rect_k_in_anchor_k_in_group_z'

);

# now render the SVG object, implicitly use svg namespace
print $svg->xmlify;

# or render a child node of the SVG object without rendering the entire object
print $k->xmlify; #renders the anchor $k above containing a rectangle, but does not
#render any of the ancestor nodes of $k


# or, explicitly use svg namespace and generate a document with its own DTD
print $svg->xmlify(-namespace=>'svg');

# or, explicitly use svg namespace and generate an in-line docunent
print $svg->xmlify(
-namespace => "svg",
-pubid => "-//W3C//DTD SVG 1.0//EN",
-inline => 1
);

DESCRIPTION ^

SVG is a 100% Perl module which generates a nested data structure containing the DOM representation of an SVG (Scalable Vector Graphics) image. Using SVG, you can generate SVG objects, embed other SVG instances into it, access the DOM object, create and access javascript, and generate SMIL animation content.

General Steps to generating an SVG document

Generating SVG is a simple three step process:

1 The first step is to construct a new SVG object with "new".
2 The second step is to call element constructors to create SVG elements. Examples of element constructors are "circle" and "path".
3 The third and last step is to render the SVG object into XML using the "xmlify" method.

The "xmlify" method takes a number of optional arguments that control how SVG renders the object into XML, and in particular determine whether a stand-alone SVG document or an inline SVG document fragment is generated:

-stand-alone

A complete SVG document with its own associated DTD. A namespace for the SVG elements may be optionally specified.

-in-line

An in-line SVG document fragment with no DTD that be embedded within other XML content. As with stand-alone documents, an alternate namespace may be specified.

No XML content is generated until the third step is reached. Up until this point, all constructed element definitions reside in a DOM-like data structure from which they can be accessed and modified.

EXPORTS

None. However, SVG permits both options and additional element methods to be specified in the import list. These options and elements are then available for all SVG instances that are created with the "new" constructor. For example, to change the indent string to two spaces per level:

 use SVG qw(-indent => "  ");

With the exception of -auto, all options may also be specified to the "new" constructor. The currently supported options are:

 -auto        enable autoloading of all unrecognised method calls (0)

-indent the indent to use when rendering the SVG into XML ("\t")
-inline whether the SVG is to be standalone or inlined (0)
-printerror print SVG generation errors to standard error (1)
-raiseerror die if a generation error is encountered (1)
-nostub only return the handle to a blank SVG document without any elements

SVG also allows additional element generation methods to be specified in the import list. For example to generate 'star' and 'planet' element methods:

 use SVG qw(star planet);

or:

 use SVG ("star","planet");

This will add 'star' to the list of elements supported by SVG.pm (but not of course other SVG parsers...). Alternatively the '-auto' option will allow any unknown method call to generate an element of the same name:

 use SVG (-auto => 1, "star", "planet");

Any elements specified explicitly (as 'star' and 'planet' are here) are predeclared; other elements are defined as and when they are seen by Perl. Note that enabling '-auto' effectively disables compile-time syntax checking for valid method names.

Example:

 use SVG (

-auto => 0,
-indent => " ",
-raiserror => 0,
-printerror => 1,
"star", "planet", "moon"

);

SEE ALSO ^

perl(1), SVG::XML, SVG::Element, SVG::DOM, SVG::Parser http://www.roasp.com/ ROASP.com: Serverside SVG server http://www.vectoreal.com/ Vectoreal: Commercal SVG Application solutions http://www.roitsystems.com/ ROIT Systems: Commercial SVG perl solutions http://www.w3c.org/Graphics/SVG/ SVG at the W3C

AUTHOR ^

Ronan Oger, RO IT Systemms GmbH, ronan@roasp.com

CREDITS ^

Peter Wainwright, peter@roasp.com Excellent ideas, beta-testing, SVG::Parser Fredo, http://www.penguin.at0.net/~fredo/ - provided initial feedback for early SVG.pm versions Adam Schneider, improvements to xmlescp providing improved character support Brial Pilpr, I do not remember what.

EXAMPLES ^

http://roasp.com/

See also the examples directory in this distribution which contain several fully documented examples.

WINDOWS DISTRIBUTION ^

http://roasp.com/ppm/

METHODS ^

SVG provides both explicit and generic element constructor methods. Explicit generators are generally (with a few exceptions) named for the element they generate. If a tag method is required for a tag containing hyphens, the method name replaces the hyphen with an underscore. ie: to generate tag <column-heading id="new"> you would use method $svg->column_heading(id=>'new').

All element constructors take a hash of element attributes and options; element attributes such as 'id' or 'border' are passed by name, while options for the method (such as the type of an element that supports multiple alternate forms) are passed preceded by a hyphen, e.g '-type'. Both types may be freely intermixed; see the "fe" method and code examples througout the documentation for more examples.

new (constructor)

$svg = SVG->new(%attributes)

Creates a new SVG object. Attributes of the document SVG element be passed as an optional list of key value pairs. Additionally, SVG options (prefixed with a hyphen) may be set on a per object basis:

Example:

 my $svg1=new SVG;


my $svg2=new SVG(id => 'document_element');

my $svg3=new SVG(s
-printerror => 1,
-raiseerror => 0,
-indent => ' ',
-docroot => 'svg', #default document root element (SVG specification assumes svg). Defaults to 'svg' if undefined
-sysid => 'abc', #optional system identifyer
-pubid => "-//W3C//DTD SVG 1.0//EN", #public identifyer default value is "-//W3C//DTD SVG 1.0//EN" if undefined
-namespace => 'mysvg',
-inline => 1
id => 'document_element',
width => 300,
height => 200,
);

Default SVG options may also be set in the import list. See "EXPORTS" above for more on the available options.

Furthermore, the following options:

 -version

-encoding
-standalone
-namespace Defines the document or element level namespace. The order of assignment priority is element,document .
-inline
-identifier
-nostub
-dtd (standalone)

may also be set in xmlify, overriding any corresponding values set in the SVG->new declaration

xmlify (alias: to_xml render)

$string = $svg->xmlify(%attributes);

Returns xml representation of svg document.

XML Declaration

 Name               Default Value

-version '1.0'
-encoding 'UTF-8'
-standalone 'yes'
-namespace 'svg' - namespace for elements
-inline '0' - If '1', then this is an inline document.
-pubid '-//W3C//DTD SVG 1.0//EN';
-dtd (standalone) 'http://www.w3.org/TR/2001/REC-SVG-20010904/DTD/svg10.dtd'

tag (alias: element)

$tag = $svg->tag($name, %attributes)

Generic element generator. Creates the element named $name with the attributes specified in %attributes. This method is the basis of most of the explicit element generators.

Example:

 my $tag = $svg->tag('g', transform=>'rotate(-45)');

anchor

$tag = $svg->anchor(%attributes)

Generate an anchor element. Anchors are put around objects to make them 'live' (i.e. clickable). It therefore requires a drawn object or group element as a child.

Example:

 # generate an anchor

$tag = $svg->anchor(
-href=>'http://here.com/some/simpler/svg.svg'
);
# add a circle to the anchor. The circle can be clicked on.
$tag->circle(cx=>10,cy=>10,r=>1);

# more complex anchor with both URL and target
$tag = $svg->anchor(
-href => 'http://somewhere.org/some/other/page.html',
-target => 'new_window'

);

circle

$tag = $svg->circle(%attributes)

Draw a circle at (cx,cy) with radius r.

Example:

 my $tag = $svg->circle(cx=>4, cy=>2, r=>1);

ellipse

$tag = $svg->ellipse(%attributes)

Draw an ellipse at (cx,cy) with radii rx,ry.

Example:

 my $tag = $svg->ellipse(

cx=>10, cy=>10,
rx=>5, ry=>7,
id=>'ellipse',
style=>{
'stroke'=>'red',
'fill'=>'green',
'stroke-width'=>'4',
'stroke-opacity'=>'0.5',
'fill-opacity'=>'0.2'

}
);

rectangle (alias: rect)

$tag = $svg->rectangle(%attributes)

Draw a rectangle at (x,y) with width 'width' and height 'height' and side radii 'rx' and 'ry'.

Example:

 $tag = $svg->rectangle(

x=>10, y=>20,
width=>4, height=>5,
rx=>5.2, ry=>2.4,
id=>'rect_1'
);

image

 $tag = $svg->image(%attributes)

Draw an image at (x,y) with width 'width' and height 'height' linked to image resource '-href'. See also "use".

Example:

 $tag = $svg->image(

x=>100, y=>100,
width=>300, height=>200,
'-href'=>"image.png", #may also embed SVG, e.g. "image.svg"

id=>'image_1'
);

Output:

 <image xlink:href="image.png" x="100" y="100" width="300" height="200"/>

use

$tag = $svg->use(%attributes)

Retrieve the content from an entity within an SVG document and apply it at (x,y) with width 'width' and height 'height' linked to image resource '-href'.

Example:

 $tag = $svg->use(

x=>100, y=>100,
width=>300, height=>200,
'-href'=>"pic.svg#image_1",
id=>'image_1'

);

Output:

 <use xlink:href="pic.svg#image_1" x="100" y="100" width="300" height="200"/>

According to the SVG specification, the 'use' element in SVG can point to a single element within an external SVG file.

polygon

$tag = $svg->polygon(%attributes)

Draw an n-sided polygon with vertices at points defined by a string of the form 'x1,y1,x2,y2,x3,y3,... xy,yn'. The "get_path" method is provided as a convenience to generate a suitable string from coordinate data.

Example:

 # a five-sided polygon

my $xv = [0,2,4,5,1];
my $yv = [0,0,2,7,5];

$points = $a->get_path(
x=>$xv, y=>$yv,
-type=>'polygon'
);

$c = $a->polygon(
%$points,
id=>'pgon1',
style=>\%polygon_style
);

SEE ALSO:

"polyline", "path", "get_path".

polyline

$tag = $svg->polyline(%attributes)

Draw an n-point polyline with points defined by a string of the form 'x1,y1,x2,y2,x3,y3,... xy,yn'. The "get_path" method is provided as a convenience to generate a suitable string from coordinate data.

Example:

 # a 10-pointsaw-tooth pattern

my $xv = [0,1,2,3,4,5,6,7,8,9];
my $yv = [0,1,0,1,0,1,0,1,0,1];

$points = $a->get_path(
x=>$xv, y=>$yv,
-type=>'polyline',
-closed=>'true' #specify that the polyline is closed.
);

my $tag = $a->polyline (
%$points,
id=>'pline_1',
style=>{
'fill-opacity'=>0,
'stroke-color'=>'rgb(250,123,23)'

}
);

line

$tag = $svg->line(%attributes)

Draw a straight line between two points (x1,y1) and (x2,y2).

Example:

 my $tag = $svg->line(

id=>'l1',
x1=>0, y1=>10,
x2=>10, y2=>0
);

To draw multiple connected lines, use "polyline".

text

$text = $svg->text(%attributes)->cdata();

$text_path = $svg->text(-type=>'path'); $text_span = $text_path->text(-type=>'span')->cdata('A'); $text_span = $text_path->text(-type=>'span')->cdata('B'); $text_span = $text_path->text(-type=>'span')->cdata('C');

define the container for a text string to be drawn in the image.

Input: -type = path type (path | polyline | polygon) -type = text element type (path | span | normal [default])

Example:

 my $text1 = $svg->text(

id=>'l1', x=>10, y=>10
)->cdata('hello, world');

my $text2 = $svg->text(
id=>'l1', x=>10, y=>10, -cdata=>'hello, world');

my $text = $svg->text(
id=>'tp', x=>10, y=>10 -type=>path)
->text(id=>'ts' -type=>'span')
->cdata('hello, world');

SEE ALSO:

 L<"desc">, L<"cdata">.

title

$tag = $svg->title(%attributes)

Generate the title of the image.

Example:

 my $tag = $svg->title(id=>'document-title')->cdata('This is the title');

desc

$tag = $svg->desc(%attributes)

Generate the description of the image.

Example:

 my $tag = $svg->desc(id=>'document-desc')->cdata('This is a description');

comment

$tag = $svg->comment(@comments)

Generate the description of the image.

Example:

 my $tag = $svg->comment('comment 1','comment 2','comment 3');

pi (Processing Instruction)

$tag = $svg->pi(@pi)

Generate a set of processing instructions

Example:

 my $tag = $svg->pi('instruction one','instruction two','instruction three');


returns:
<lt>?instruction one?<gt>

<lt>?instruction two?<gt>
<lt>?instruction three?<gt>

script

$tag = $svg->script(%attributes)

Generate a script container for dynamic (client-side) scripting using ECMAscript, Javascript or other compatible scripting language.

Example:

 my $tag = $svg->script(-type=>"text/ecmascript");


# populate the script tag with cdata
# be careful to manage the javascript line ends.
# qq|text| or qqtext where text is the script
# works well for this.
#make sure to use the CAPITAL CDATA to poulate the script.
$tag->CDATA(qq|function d(){
//simple display function
for(cnt = 0; cnt < d.length; cnt++)
document.write(d[cnt]);//end for loop
document.write("<BR>");//write a line break
}|
);

path

$tag = $svg->path(%attributes)

Draw a path element. The path vertices may be imputed as a parameter or calculated usingthe "get_path" method.

Example:

 # a 10-pointsaw-tooth pattern drawn with a path definition

my $xv = [0,1,2,3,4,5,6,7,8,9];
my $yv = [0,1,0,1,0,1,0,1,0,1];

$points = $a->get_path(
x => $xv,
y => $yv,
-type => 'path',
-closed => 'true' #specify that the polyline is closed
);

$tag = $svg->path(
%$points,
id => 'pline_1',
style => {
'fill-opacity' => 0,
'fill-color' => 'green',
'stroke-color' => 'rgb(250,123,23)'

}
);

SEE ALSO:

"get_path".

get_path

$path = $svg->get_path(%attributes)

Returns the text string of points correctly formatted to be incorporated into the multi-point SVG drawing object definitions (path, polyline, polygon)

Input: attributes including:

 -type     = path type (path | polyline | polygon)

x = reference to array of x coordinates
y = reference to array of y coordinates

Output: a hash reference consisting of the following key-value pair:

 points    = the appropriate points-definition string

-type = path|polygon|polyline
-relative = 1 (define relative position rather than absolute position)
-closed = 1 (close the curve - path and polygon only)

Example:

 #generate an open path definition for a path.

my ($points,$p);
$points = $svg->get_path(x=&gt\@x,y=&gt\@y,-relative=&gt1,-type=&gt'path');

#add the path to the SVG document
my $p = $svg->path(%$path, style=>\%style_definition);

#generate an closed path definition for a a polyline.
$points = $svg->get_path(
x=>\@x,
y=>\@y,
-relative=>1,
-type=>'polyline',
-closed=>1
); # generate a closed path definition for a polyline

# add the polyline to the SVG document
$p = $svg->polyline(%$points, id=>'pline1');

Aliases: get_path set_path

animate

$tag = $svg->animate(%attributes)

Generate an SMIL animation tag. This is allowed within any nonempty tag. Refer\ to the W3C for detailed information on the subtleties of the animate SMIL commands.

Inputs: -method = Transform | Motion | Color

 my $an_ellipse = $svg->ellipse(

cx=>30,cy=>150,rx=>10,ry=>10,id=>'an_ellipse',
stroke=>'rgb(130,220,70)',fill=>'rgb(30,20,50)');

$an_ellipse-> animate(
attributeName=>"cx",values=>"20; 200; 20",dur=>"10s", repeatDur=>'indefinite');

$an_ellipse-> animate(
attributeName=>"rx",values=>"10;30;20;100;50",
dur=>"10s", repeatDur=>'indefinite');

$an_ellipse-> animate(
attributeName=>"ry",values=>"30;50;10;20;70;150",
dur=>"15s", repeatDur=>'indefinite');

$an_ellipse-> animate(
attributeName=>"rx",values=>"30;75;10;100;20;20;150",
dur=>"20s", repeatDur=>'indefinite');

$an_ellipse-> animate(
attributeName=>"fill",values=>"red;green;blue;cyan;yellow",
dur=>"5s", repeatDur=>'indefinite');

$an_ellipse-> animate(
attributeName=>"fill-opacity",values=>"0;1;0.5;0.75;1",
dur=>"20s",repeatDur=>'indefinite');

$an_ellipse-> animate(
attributeName=>"stroke-width",values=>"1;3;2;10;5",
dur=>"20s",repeatDur=>'indefinite');

group

$tag = $svg->group(%attributes)

Define a group of objects with common properties. groups can have style, animation, filters, transformations, and mouse actions assigned to them.

Example:

 $tag = $svg->group(

id => 'xvs000248',
style => {
'font' => [ qw( Arial Helvetica sans ) ],
'font-size' => 10,
'fill' => 'red',
},
transform => 'rotate(-45)'

);

defs

$tag = $svg->defs(%attributes)

define a definition segment. A Defs requires children when defined using SVG.pm Example:

 $tag = $svg->defs(id  =>  'def_con_one',);

style

$svg->tag('style', %styledef);

Sets/Adds style-definition for the following objects being created.

Style definitions apply to an object and all its children for all properties for which the value of the property is not redefined by the child.

mouseaction

$svg->mouseaction(%attributes)

Sets/Adds mouse action definitions for tag

$svg->attrib($name, $value)

Sets/Adds mouse action definitions.

$svg->attrib $name, $value

$svg->attrib $name, \@value

$svg->attrib $name, \%value

Sets/Replaces attributes for a tag.

cdata

$svg->cdata($text)

Sets cdata to $text. SVG.pm allows you to set cdata for any tag. If the tag is meant to be an empty tag, SVG.pm will not complain, but the rendering agent will fail. In the SVG DTD, cdata is generally only meant for adding text or script content.

Example:

 $svg->text(

style => {
'font' => 'Arial',
'font-size' => 20
})->cdata('SVG.pm is a perl module on CPAN!');

my $text = $svg->text(style=>{'font'=>'Arial','font-size'=>20});
$text->cdata('SVG.pm is a perl module on CPAN!');

Result:

 E<lt>text style="font: Arial; font-size: 20" E<gt>SVG.pm is a perl module
on CPAN!E<lt>/text E<gt>

SEE ALSO:

 L<"CDATA"> L<"desc">, L<"title">, L<"text">, L<"script">.

cdata_noxmlesc

 $script = $svg->script();

$script->cdata_noxmlesc($text);

Generates cdata content for text and similar tags which do not get xml-escaped. In othe words, does not parse the content and inserts the exact string into the cdata location.

CDATA

 $script = $svg->script();

$script->CDATA($text);

Generates a <![CDATA[ ... ]]> tag with the contents of $text rendered exactly as supplied. SVG.pm allows you to set cdata for any tag. If the tag is meant to be an empty tag, SVG.pm will not complain, but the rendering agent will fail. In the SVG DTD, cdata is generally only meant for adding text or script content.

Example:

 my $text = qq


var SVGDoc;
var groups = new Array();
var last_group;

/*****
*
* init
*
* Find this SVG's document element
* Define members of each group by id
*
*****/
function init(e) {
SVGDoc = e.getTarget().getOwnerDocument();
append_group(1, 4, 6); // group 0
append_group(5, 4, 3); // group 1
append_group(2, 3); // group 2
};
$svg->script()->CDATA($text);

Result:

 E<lt>script E<gt>


<gt>![CDATA[
var SVGDoc;
var groups = new Array();
var last_group;

/*****
*
* init
*
* Find this SVG's document element
* Define members of each group by id
*
*****/
function init(e) {
SVGDoc = e.getTarget().getOwnerDocument();
append_group(1, 4, 6); // group 0
append_group(5, 4, 3); // group 1
append_group(2, 3); // group 2
}
]]E<gt>

SEE ALSO:

 L<"cdata">, L<"script">.

filter

$tag = $svg->filter(%attributes)

Generate a filter. Filter elements contain "fe" filter sub-elements.

Example:

 my $filter = $svg->filter(

filterUnits=>"objectBoundingBox",
x=>"-10%",
y=>"-10%",
width=>"150%",
height=>"150%",
filterUnits=>'objectBoundingBox'
);

$filter->fe();

SEE ALSO:

"fe".

fe

$tag = $svg->fe(-type=>'type', %attributes)

Generate a filter sub-element. Must be a child of a "filter" element.

Example:

 my $fe = $svg->fe(

-type => 'DiffuseLighting' # required - element name omiting 'fe'

id => 'filter_1',
style => {
'font' => [ qw(Arial Helvetica sans) ],
'font-size' => 10,
'fill' => 'red',
},
transform => 'rotate(-45)'

);

Note that the following filter elements are currently supported:

SEE ALSO:

"filter".

pattern

$tag = $svg->pattern(%attributes)

Define a pattern for later reference by url.

Example:

 my $pattern = $svg->pattern(

id => "Argyle_1",
width => "50",
height => "50",
patternUnits => "userSpaceOnUse",
patternContentUnits => "userSpaceOnUse"

);

set

$tag = $svg->set(%attributes)

Set a definition for an SVG object in one section, to be referenced in other sections as needed.

Example:

 my $set = $svg->set(

id => "Argyle_1",
width => "50",
height => "50",
patternUnits => "userSpaceOnUse",
patternContentUnits => "userSpaceOnUse"

);

stop

$tag = $svg->stop(%attributes)

Define a stop boundary for "gradient"

Example:

 my $pattern = $svg->stop(

id => "Argyle_1",
width => "50",
height => "50",
patternUnits => "userSpaceOnUse",
patternContentUnits => "userSpaceOnUse"

);

$tag = $svg->gradient(%attributes)

Define a color gradient. Can be of type linear or radial

Example:

 my $gradient = $svg->gradient(

-type => "linear",
id => "gradient_1"
);

GENERIC ELEMENT METHODS ^

The following elements are generically supported by SVG:

See e.g. "pattern" for an example of the use of these methods.

METHODS IMPORTED BY SVG::DOM ^

The following SVG::DOM elements are accessible through SVG:

AUTHOR ^

Ronan Oger, ronan@roasp.com

SEE ALSO ^

perl(1), SVG,
SVG::XML,
SVG::DOM,
SVG::Element,
SVG::Parser,
SVG::Manual

http://www.roasp.com/ ROASP.com: Serverside SVG server
http://www.vectoreal.com/ Vectoreal: Commercal SVG Application solutions
http://www.roitsystems.com/ ROIT Systems: Commercial SVG perl solutions
http://www.w3c.org/Graphics/SVG/ SVG at the W3C



Take part in the Annual Global SVG Conference! SVG Open 2005.

August 15-18, Enschede, the Netherlands

At the SVG Open 2005 Conference you will have the opportunity to learn about the SVG standard, how to use it to create effective and compelling Web content, techniques for developing SVG software solutions, and the latest developments from the W3C. You will meet the authors of the SVG specifications and the creators of SVG applications in person, and you will have the opportunity to provide your own input for future development.

You will get a chance to see the newest SVG applications and tools, and you will hear early announcements of upcoming SVG product releases. SVG Open 2005 courses will enlighten you on SVG, XML and related standards, graphic design and Web application design. Courses will be available at both introductory and advanced levels, in order to serve the needs of all conference attendees.

Click on the image below to proceed to the SVG Open website

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